A famous recorded oral tradition among Muslims (Arabic: Hadith) is about a comment made by Muhammad. Although this narration is prominently quoted and referred to, it is not given any formal name, in contrast to other hadith such as the Hadith of the pond of Khumm or the Hadith of Qur'an and Sunnah

Muslim viewEdit

Moslems differ on the view.

Sunni viewEdit

Based on the narrations, Sunnis have listed ten people whom they believe were promised paradise while living. The list is written in the order in which the prophet Muhammad said them. The first four of them are known by Sunnis as the "Righteously Guided Caliphs".

Name in Arabic B.H. A.H. BC AD
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq أبو بكر الصدّيق 51 13 573 634
Umar bin Al-Khattab عمر بن الخطّاب 40 23 584 644
Uthman ibn Affan عثمان بن عفّان 47 35 577 656
Ali ibn Abi Talib علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب 23 40 600 661
Talha ibn Ubayd-Allah طلحة بن عبيد الله 28 36 596 656
Zubayr ibn al-Awwam الزبير بن العوّام 28 36 596 656
Abd al-Rahman ibn Awf عبد الرحمن بن عوف 31 654
Sa'ad ibn Abi Waqqas سعد بن أبي وقّاص 23 55 600 675
Abu Ubaida ibn al-Jarrah أبو عبيدة بن الجراح 40 18 584 640
Said ibn Zayd سعيد بن زيد 51 672

Sunnis call these ten people the The Ten Promised Paradise (Arabic: Al-Asharatu Mubashshirun or Al-Mobashareen Bel-Jannah), a concept widely referred to in order to strengthen the status of those enumerated.

according to

The Companions were divided into twelve ranks by the scholars. This division was made according to the chronological order and some groups are also included in others. It was accepted by the majority of scholars:

It then enumerates twelve groups of Sahaba, starting with the "ten promised paradise" being included as the first and highest ranked group.

Shias often raise the differences in narration of certain hadith found in Sunni collections as a legitimate reason to disavow their authenticity. Sunnis have argued that slight differences in the narration of a hadith do not dismantle its credibility. Most ahadeeth have more than one narration, indeed they tend to be more trustworthy, as the ones with only a single narration are usually found only transmitted through a single isnad.

Shi'a viewEdit

Shia do not believe in the concept and have concluded that the idea is built on hadeeth that were fabricated during Umayyad reign, forged for political reasons to elevate the adversaries of the Ahl al-Bayt.


See alsoEdit

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