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Islam is the majority religion practiced in Kazakhstan. 70% of the country's population is Muslim. Ethnic Kazakhs are predominantly Sunni Muslims of the Hanafi school.

From its Geography, Kazakhstan is the northernmost Muslim-majority country in the world. Kazakhs make up over half of the total population, and other ethnic groups of Muslim background include Uzbeks, Uyghurs and Tatars. Islam first arrived to the southern edges of the region in the 8th century from Arabs. Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is also present, established in 1991 in Kazakhstan, particularly in Almaty. Others adhere to Sufism.

The Nur-Astana Mosque in Astana, is the country's largest mosque.

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