This is a subarticle of Islamic scholars, List of Muslim scholars and List of historians.

The following is a list of Muslim historians writing in the Islamic historiographical tradition, which developed from hadith literature in the time of the first caliphs. This list is focused on pre-modern historians who wrote before the heavy European influence that occurred from the 19th century onward.

Chronological listEdit

See also: Historiography of early Islam and List of biographies of Muhammad

The historians of the formative periodEdit

First era: 700-750 (Ibn Zubayr and al-Zuhri's histories no longer exist, but they are referenced in later works).

Second era: 750-800

Third era: 800-860

Fourth era: 860-900

Fifth era: 900-950

The historians of the classical periodEdit

Iraq and IranEdit

Egypt, Palestine and SyriaEdit

al-Andalus and the MaghrebEdit

Qadi al-Nu'man (d. 974)Edit

India and PakistanEdit

The early modern historiansEdit

Turkish: Ottoman EmpireEdit

Arabic: Ottoman Empire and MoroccoEdit

Persian: Safavid Empire and Mughal IndiaEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 (Robinson hasn't mentioned his name.)
  2. Bianquis, "Al-Musabbihi", Encyclopaedia of Islam, Leiden: Brill, 1960-2004.
  3. (1969): Livre des deux jardins ("The Book of Two Gardens"). See: Recueil des Historiens des Croisades
  4. "Tursun Beg." Encyclopaedia of Islam. Leiden: Brill, 1960-2004.


  • Robinson, Chase F. (2003), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-62936-5 : XIV and XV ("Chase F. Robinson" in "Islamic Historiography" has mentioned the chronological list of Islamic historians.)
  • Babinger, Franz. Geschichtsschreiber der Osmanen. Leipzig: O. Harrassowitz, 1927.
  • Encyclopaedia of Islam. Leiden: Brill, 1960-2004.

See alsoEdit

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